What is Netra Bikram Chand ‘Biplav’ up to?

The extremist communist leader, who operated underground movements until a year ago, has increased meetings with other anti-MCC communist leaders. Biplav’s party has been organizing protests and strikes against the US grant project.

Nishan Khatiwada

  • Read Time 3 min.

Kathmandu: Communist Party of Nepal led by Netra Bikram Chand ‘Biplav’ has become more active at present, as the prominent leaders of the party have been massively engaging in political meetings with leaders of other political parties in the wake of parliamentary ratification of MCC’s Nepal Compact. 

Biplav and his colleagues are vehement opponents of the MCC deal have been launching movements to stall the $500 million American grant project.

In the past couple of days, Netra Bikram Chand alias has caught up with prominent leaders–Narayan Kaji Shrestha of CPN-Maoist Center, Bhim Rawal of CPN-UML and Narayan Man Bijukchhe of Nepal Workers Peasant Party. 

A point to be noted is that the aforementioned leaders are currently the dissident factions in their respective parties and have strongly opposed the ratification of the MCC compact. 

In the meeting with Rawal, Biplav proposed that all the patriots should be in one place and form a front for national sovereignty. Similarly, in the meeting with Shrestha, Biplav proposed to move forward in collaboration, by forming a front of revolutionary forces. 

After the meeting with Rawal, a leader of Biplav-led Nepal Communist Party Khadga Bahadur Biswokarma (Prakanda) wrote on social media: “Patriots, nationalists and pro-sovereignty forces, let’s get united and polarized.”

The Biplav-led party leaders are actively meeting political leaders who were against MCC. His party had announced strikes and street protests across the country right after the MCC Compact was tabled for ratification. What does it signify? What is the party up to? 

A leader of the party, Dharmendra Bastola, said that the party is putting its efforts to move forward their struggle for scrapping the MCC compact in collaboration with the leaders who are against the compact. “We are engaged in regular political meetings to create public opinion and pressure, and for collaboration with leaders who are strongly in opposition of the Compact,” he said. 

When asked whether it’s an election agenda or strategy or an effort to form an electoral alliance, Bastola replied that regarding the election agenda or strategy, the upcoming meeting of the central committee will decide. “The recent meetings are not related to elections,” he added.

Once an outlawed entity, Biplav’s party entered peaceful politics after the KP Oli government and the party on March 4, 2021, signed a three-point peace deal. According to the agreement, the government had agreed to lift the ban imposed on the group, release cadres and leaders and withdraw cases filed against them. However, the agreement has not been implemented fully yet.

History and ideology of Biplav-led CPN 

The party was formed on November 24, 2014, following a split from the Communist Party of Nepal (Revolutionary Maoist) led by Mohan Vaidya (Kiran). Soon after that the party got engaged in an armed struggle against the government. 

In 2019, KP Oli’s government declared the CPN led by Biplav as a criminal outfit over the alleged involvement in extortion, bombings and killings of the civilians. 

The party’s aim is to take the human being to the highest peak of Scientific Socialism and Communism, upholds applies and develops Marxism-Leninism-Maoism by adopting the scientific theory of dialectical materialism propounded and developed by Marx, Lenin and Mao, gives leadership to the desire and destination of emancipation of the Nepalese people, the people of the world, the workers and oppressed masses of people, aims at to establish New Democracy and Scientific Socialism of the Nepalese proletariat, workers, nationalist, progressive democratic people, commits to bring the dreams of the martyrs disappeared fighters, injured and disabled into being, upholds the dialectics of the internationalism and national questions.

The party has now entered into peaceful politics. And, how will it engage in the upcoming general election is interesting, as hardcore and radical communist leader who led an underground outfit has entered mainstream politics and is regularly engaged in political meetings recently.