Kathmandu: A vaccination campaign against typhoid has kicked off on Friday.
The Ministry of Health and Population is planning to inoculate 7.5 million children against typhoid during the campaign that will continue till May 1. Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba launched the month-long campaign on Thursday.
Children between the age of one year three months to 15 years would be administered the vaccines against typhoid during the campaign.
GAVI, the global alliance for vaccines, has provided typhoid vaccines free of cost. Nepal is the first country in South Asia to administer the vaccine against typhoid and the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended vaccination against typhoid in other countries with typhoid prevalence along with Nepal.
The vaccines will be administered at 56,429 vaccination centers and schools throughout the country. Ten thousand health workers and 112 thousand 858 volunteers will be mobilized for this.
Going by the data for the last five years, typhoid infection has been found in over 450 thousand people in Nepal
The Director General of the Department of Health Services, Dr Dipendra Raman Singh pledged to eliminate typhoid through sanitation and vaccinations. One thousand sixty-two people per 100,000 tests have been infected with the infection, according to a study.
Stating that the vaccine had been put to use only after its clinical trial, director of the Family Welfare Division, Dr Bibek Lal said it requires only one dose and it is 85 percent effective. Typhoid conjugate vaccine being administered in Nepal has been approved by the World Health Organisation.
Common side effects post-vaccination include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain and skin rash among others. However, the Department has urged parents to take their children to vaccination centers nearby for the vaccine not being afraid of such common side effects.